Harvard University Press
Anthropology and Archaeology
- --Nancy Scheper-Hughes, New York Times Book Review
6 x 9 inches
1 table/208 pages
World price: $12.95 / £8.50 paper
Cloth edition: Spring 1995
Papers from the Harvard Australian Studies Symposium
EDITED BY HAROLD BOLITHO AND CHRIS WALLACE-CRABBE
These papers, each by a notable Australian scholar, offer several approaches to the Australian experience, past, present, and future. The authors hail from different disciplines, but what they have in common is their familiarity with the United States and their experience in interpreting their homeland to an American audience. As they discuss poetry and politics, nationalism and feminism, Aboriginal society and urbanization, they also explore a common theme: the emergence of a distinctive Australian entity, and the contribution to it of the United States.
Harvard Committee on Australian Studies
6 x 9 inches
Available in both cloth and paperback
Single world price (listed in US dollars and the pound sterling equivalent): $49.95x cloth
Single world price (listed in US dollars and the pound sterling equivalent): $24.95x / £15.50 paper
BOG MAN AND THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF PEOPLE
"[A] mesmerizing study of bog bodies...Brothwell's detective story centers on the respectful investigation of Lindow Man, the 2,000 year-old corpse reclaimed in 1984 from a Cheshire peat bog...Frankly, I couldn't put [this book] down."
The earthly empire of Byzantium--Christian in religion and Hellenic in culture--dominated the political and religious history of Europe for over a thousand years. The Byzantines regarded their earthly empire as a reflection of God's empire in heaven, and this ideology was manifested in their politics, religion, and art. In this introduction to the history of Byzantium, from the fourth to the fourteenth century, Rowena Loverance draws on the British Museum's rich collections of spectacular Byzantine silver, ivories, jewelry, and icons, as well as pieces from the empire's Persian and Germanic neighbors.
American Spirituality in an Anxious Age
MICHAEL F. BROWN
Brown explores the scope and substance of the practice called channeling as a window on the persistent New Age movement. He offers a lively firsthand assessment of the hopes, fears, and obsessions of the thousands of Americans who have abandoned mainstream religions in search of direct and improvisational contact with spiritual beings.
Human Nature and Cultural Diversity
"Few other anthropologists have a breadth of experience comparable to Adam Kuper's...The book deserves to be read not only by newcomers to anthropology but by all who are concerned about its fragmentation."
CORINTHIAN, ATTIC, AND LAKONIAN POTTERY FROM SARDIS
JUDITH SNYDER SCHAEFFER, NANCY H. RAMAGE, AND CRAWFORD H. GREENEWALT, JR.
This collaborative work consists of three generously illustrated sections presenting the ceramic finds excavated at Sardis, but produced in the mainland Greek centers of Corinth, Athens, and Sparta. The authors' study of this material from the Harvard-Cornell excavations at Sardis offers new evidence of the taste for specific Greek wares and shapes in Anatolia before the time of Alexander the Great.
CRAFT OF ZEUS
Myths of Weaving and Fabric
JOHN SCHEID AND JESPER SVENBRO
Translated by Carol Volk
In this dazzling commentary on Greek and Roman myth and society, weaving emerges as a metaphor rich with possibility. From rituals symbolizing the cohesion of society to those proposed by oracles as a means of propitiating fortune; from the erotic and marital significance of weaving and the woven robe to the use of weaving as a figure for language and the fabric of the text, this lively book defines the logic of one of the central concepts in Greek and Roman thought.
CRITIQUE OF POSTCOLONIAL REASON
Toward a History of the Vanishing Present
GAYATRI CHAKRAVORTY SPIVAK
Are the "culture wars" over? When did they begin? What is their relationship to gender struggle and the dynamics of class? In her first full treatment of postcolonial studies, a field that she helped define, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, one of the world's foremost literary theorists, poses these questions from within the postcolonial enclave.
Mexican Immigration in Interdisciplinary Perspectives
EDITED BY MARCELO M. SUÁREZ-OROZCO
Arguably few other social phenomena are likely to impact the future character of American society as much as the ongoing wave of "new immigration." Who are the new immigrants? What do they want? How are they changing American society? This cross-disciplinary book brings together twelve essays by the leading scholars of the most significant aspect of the new immigration: Mexican immigration to the United States.
The Anthropologists' Account
Culture clarifies a crucial chapter in recent intellectual history. Adam Kuper makes the case against cultural determinism and argues that political and economic forces, social institutions, and biological processes must take their place in any complete explanation of why people think and behave as they do.
SPITFIRES, AND SEA DRAGONS
"Dinosaurs are so popular that we often neglect the even more fascinating reptiles of their time that evolved in the most unreptilian habitats of sea (ichthyosaurs, plesiosaurs, and their allies) and air (pterosaurs). McGowan, world's leading expert on ichthyosaurs, and a fine writer as well, tells their wonderful story better than ever before--and doesn't neglect the more conventional dinosaurs either."
DISCOVERY OF THE GREEK BRONZE AGE
J. LESLEY FITTON
J. Lesley Fitton traces an exciting tale of archaeological discovery and weaves it into an engaging, in-depth portrait of Greek Bronze Age civilizations, from their dawning on the Cycladic Isles in the third millennium B.C. and their flowering in Minoan Crete and the Mycenaean centers to their mysterious disappearance in the twelfth century B.C.
Contrary to the popular view that they were a people obsessed with religion and death, the ancient Egyptians were in fact very much concerned with the enjoyment of life--so much so that they desired their civilized, often exuberant existence to be continued for ever in the afterlife. Thus they equipped their tombs with all the trappings of life on earth and decorated the walls with colorful scenes depicting their many activities, pleasures and pastimes. With the aid of a wealth of illustrations from the British Museum's rich Egyptian collections, Miriam Stead combines the evidence from the tombs with that of excavation and written sources to recreate a remarkably vivid and wide-ranging picture of life in ancient Egypt.
Thirty centuries ago most of the mummified bodies now lying linen-wrapped in the British Museum were alive in ancient Egypt. Why did the Egyptians try to preserve their dead for eternity? How did they achieve it? Carol Andrews answers these questions in a fully illustrated survey of the techniques of mummification, the religious beliefs which lay behind the practice, the ornate coffins and elaborate tombs which housed the bodies and the grave goods which accompanied them. She explains how animals also came to be embalmed and relates the curious role assumed by Egyptian mummies in European culture and mythology.
Music in the World's Religions
EDITED BY LAWRENCE E. SULLIVAN
The Confucian Sacrificial Ceremony, the Choctaw ball game, the "drum history" of the Dagbamba, the chanting of the Qur'an--these are some of the topics addressed in this collection of essays by eminent musicologists, anthropologists, historians, and religionists as they consider the intersection of musics and religions in different world cultures.
RICHARD PRICE AND SALLY PRICE
In a steamy colonial city, an eccentric Frenchman offers for sale an extraordinary collection of primitive art. The two anthropologists called in to appraise the pieces for the national museum quickly find themselves in a world where the boundaries of authenticity and deception blur in the tropical heat.
IN FAMILIAR PLACES
Morality, Culture, and Philosophy
MICHELE M. MOODY-ADAMS
The persistence of deep moral disagreements has created widespread skepticism about the objectivity of morality. Moral relativism, moral pessimism, and the denigration of ethics in comparison with science are the results. Michele Moody-Adams scrutinizes the anthropological evidence commonly used to support moral relativism, and finds that the internal complexity of cultures will always thwart efforts to confine moral judgments to a single culture.
PEOPLES, FIRST CONTACTS
Native Peoples of North America
J. C. H. KING
From the big-game hunters who appeared on the continent as far back as 12,000 years ago to the Inuits plying the Alaskan waters today, the Native peoples of North America produced a remarkable culture that has survived in the face of almost inconceivable trials.
The Key to the Past
"In this attractive, well-illustrated book, Richard Fortey traces a more or less chronological progression from early Precambrian life through the vertebrates, including hominids, giving due credit to the great diversity and abundance of invertebrate fossils. Fortey also explains the essential biological, taxonomic and geological concepts that underlie paleontology...This book offers an excellent introduction to paleontology, pulling together in a concise manner the multiple facets that make contemporary paleontology a dynamic and exciting field of study."
The Fate of a Colonial Elite in a Postcolonial Society
T. M. LUHRMANN
During the Raj, one group stands out as having prospered because of British rule: the Parsis. The Zoroastrian people adopted the manners, dress, and aspirations of their British colonizers, and were rewarded with high-level financial, mercantile, and bureaucratic posts. Indian independence, however, ushered in their decline. Tanya Luhrmann's analysis of the Parsis brings startling insights to a wide range of communal and individual identity crises and what could be called "identity politics" of this century.
GOSSIP, AND THE EVOLUTION OF LANGUAGE
What Robin Dunbar suggests--and his research, whether in the realm of primatology or in that of gossip, confirms--is that humans developed language to serve the purpose that grooming served, but far more efficiently. From the nit-picking of chimpanzees to our chats at coffee break, from neuroscience to paleoanthropology, Grooming, Gossip, and the Evolution of Language offers a provocative view of what makes us human.
A Place in the New World
JEROME R. MINTZ
"Readers are escorted through New York's Hasidic community...They not only meet the residents but also learn why they are there, how they live and work and pray, and discover something of their internal politics...This rich ethnography offers detailed insights into a dynamic movement and a volatile community, and its charismatic and demanding leadership."
IN THE FOREST
The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior
The political flexibility of our species is formidable: we can be quite egalitarian, we can be quite despotic. Hierarchy in the Forest traces the roots of these contradictory traits in chimpanzee, bonobo, gorilla, and early human societies. Anthropologist Christopher Boehm looks at the loose group structures of hunter-gatherers, then at tribal segmentation, and finally at present-day governments to see how these conflicting tendencies are reflected. He postulates that egalitarianism is in effect a hierarchy in which the weak combine forces to dominate the strong.
HISTORY OF THE FAMILY
EDITED BY ANDRÉ BURGUIÈRE, CHRISTIANE KLAPISCH-ZUBER, MARTINE SEGALEN, AND FRANÇOISE ZONABEND
This monumental two-volume work brings together experts from every discipline to reveal what each epoch can tell us about the family.
VOLUME I: DISTANT WORLDS, ANCIENT WORLDS
Translated by Sarah Hanbury-Tenison, Rosemary Morris, and Andrew Wilson
Introduction by Claude Lévi-Strauss and Georges Duby
VOLUME II: THE IMPACT OF MODERNITY
Translated by Sarah Hanbury-Tenison
Introduction by Jack Goody
AND AGENCY IN CULTURAL WORLDS
DOROTHY HOLLAND, WILLIAM LACHICOTTE, DEBRA SKINNER, CAROLE CAIN
Synthesizing theoretical contributions by Vygotsky, Bakhtin and Bourdieu, Holland and her co-authors examine the processes by which people are constituted as agents as well as subjects of culturally constructed, socially imposed worlds. They develop a theory of self-formation in which identities become the pivot between discipline and agency: turning from experiencing one's scripted social positions to making one's way into cultural worlds as a knowledgeable and committed participant. themselves, creating their cultural worlds anew.
TOGETHER IN TIME
Dance and Drill in Human History
WILLIAM H. McNEILL
One of the most widely read and respected historians in America pursues the possibility that coordinated rhythmic movement--and the shared feelings it evokes--has been a powerful force in holding human groups together. As he has done for historical phenomena as diverse as warfare, plague, and the pursuit of power, William McNeill brings a dazzling breadth and depth of knowledge to his study.
IN THE ANCIENT WORLD
Translated by Franklin Philip
Ancient Greeks and Romans often turned to magic to achieve personal goals. Magical rites were seen as a route for direct access to the gods, for material gains as well as for spiritual satisfaction. In this fascinating survey of magical beliefs and practices from the sixth century BCE through late antiquity, Fritz Graf sheds new light on ancient religion.
Religious Climatology of the Warao Indians
For the Warao of the Venezuelan Orinoco Delta, survival under extreme ecological conditions requires exceptional adaptive agility. Johannes Wilbert presents the Warao's response to this climatological challenge, deftly weaving the strands of geographic, atmospheric, biological, and cultural lore and learning into a rich tapestry of environmental wisdom.
Ethnic Nationalism in the People's Republic, Second Edition
DRU C. GLADNEY
This second edition of Dru Gladney's critically acclaimed study of the Muslim population in China includes a new preface by the author, as well as a valuable addendum to the bibliography, already hailed as one of the most extensive listing of modern sources on the Sino-Muslims.
NARIOKOTOME HOMO ERECTUS SKELETON
EDITED BY ALAN WALKER AND RICHARD LEAKEY
On the slopes of the Nariokotome sand river in Kenya, sifting through sediments more than a million years old, Kamoya Kimeu uncovered a small piece of a skull. Piece followed piece--facial bones, teeth, vertebrae--and little by little paleontologists put together the most complete early hominid ever discovered, a Homo erectus skeleton christened the Nariokotome boy. This phenomenal find, a milestone in the history of paleoanthropology, is fully documented in this remarkable book. Beautifully illustrated and richly descriptive, The Nariokotome Homo Erectus Skeleton takes us into the field and the laboratory, and into the far reaches of prehistory, to show us what the fossilized remains of a young boy can tell us about our beginnings.
CLYDE KLUCKHOHN AND DOROTHEA LEIGHTON
"This collaboration between an anthropologist and a medic-psychiatrist has been a fortunate one. Professor Kluckhohn and Dr. Leighton have tried, as social scientists, to show the Navaho points of view, and then show how the Army, the missionary, the trader, the Indian Bureau, the white rancher or farmer surrounded the Navaho with new standards of ethical judgment and social procedure. The result was to frustrate much in the Navaho that had produced a sense of security and well-being."
OF THE WITCH'S CRAFT
Ritual Magic in Contemporary England
T. M. LUHRMANN
To find out why reasonable people are drawn to the seemingly bizarre practices of magic and witchcraft, Tanya Luhrmann immersed herself in the secret lives of Londoners who call themselves magicians. She came to know them as friends and equals and was initiated into various covens and magical groups. She explains the process through which once-skeptical individuals--educated, middle-class people, frequently of high intelligence--become committed to the ideas behind witchcraft and find magical ritual so compellingly persuasive. This intriguing book draws some disturbing conclusions about the ambivalence of belief within modern urban society.
Past and Present in the World Religions
SIMON COLEMAN AND JOHN ELSNER
From the Great Panathenaea of ancient Greece to the hajj of today, people of all religions and cultures have made sacred journeys to confirm their faith and their part in a larger identity. This book is a fascinating guide through the vast and varied cultural territory such pilgrimages have covered across the ages. This is the first book to look at the phenomenon and experience of pilgrimage through the multiple lenses of history, religion, sociology, anthropology, and art history.
PREDICAMENT OF CULTURE
Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art
The Predicament of Culture is a critical ethnography of the West in its changing relations with other societies. Analyzing cultural practices such as anthropology, travel writing, collecting, and museum displays of tribal art, Clifford shows authoritative accounts of other ways of life to be contingent fictions, now actively contested in postcolonial contexts. In discussions of ethnography, surrealism, museums, and emergent tribal arts, Clifford probes the late twentieth-century predicament of living simultaneously within, between, and after culture.
Travel and Translation in the Late Twentieth Century
When culture makes itself at home in motion, where does an anthropologist stand? In a follow-up to The Predicament of Culture, James Clifford offers a new view of anthropology. It is, he says, a moving picture of a world that reveals itself en route, in the airport lounge and the parking lot as much as in the marketplace and the museum. In this collage of essays, meditations, poems, and travel reports, Clifford takes travel and its difficult companion--translation--as openings into a complex modernity.
The Prehistory of Global Colonization
Gamble reconsiders the remarkable record of geographical expansion that began with the early hominids of sub-Saharan Africa. Through this astonishing dispersal of humans, which exceeds that of all other mammals, he traces calculated responses to variations in climate and environment.
USES OF TRADITION
Jewish Continuity in the Modern Era
EDITED BY JACK WERTHEIMER
How have modern Jews appropriated traditional aspects of their culture and religion to sustain them in the modern world? Twenty-one distinguished scholars address this question by drawing on a range of disciplines: social and cultural history, ethnography, folklore, sociology, educational theory, and rabbinics. They examine Jewish communities from Russia to North Africa, from Israel to the United States.
VIEW TO A DEATH IN THE MORNING
Hunting and Nature Through History
"[Cartmill] has produced a stunning survey of society's attitudes toward hunting from classical literature through, inevitably, the greatest antihunting event of all time, the release of Walt Disney's Bambi...What [this book] does, with a breadth of literary scholarship and analysis that is most unusual in academic science, is trace society's ambivalence and polarization about hunting from classical Greece...through Rome...and on to the present day...Cartmill's consistent theme--which ties each era, each society, each viewpoint, together in a satisfying text--is his focus on a society's understanding of the relationship between human beings and nature itself."
IN THE VAUCLUSE
Laurence Wylie's remarkably warm and human account of life in the rural French village he calls Peyrane vividly depicts the villagers themselves within the framework of a systematic description of their culture. Since 1950, when Wylie began his study of Peyrane, to which he has returned on many occasions since, France has become a primarily industrial nation--and French village life has changed in many ways. The third edition of this book includes a fascinating new chapter based on Wylie's observations of Peyrane since 1970, with discussions of the Peyranais' gradual assimilation into the outside world they once staunchly resisted, the flux of the village population, and the general transformation in the character of French rural communities.
WOMAN IN THE SURGEON'S BODY
Surgery is the most martial and masculine of medical specialties. What, then, if the surgeon is a woman? Anthropologist Joan Cassell enters this closely guarded arena to explore the work and lives of women practicing their craft in what is largely a man's world. Cassell observed thirty-three surgeons in five North American cities over the course of three years.
WOMAN THAT NEVER EVOLVED
With a New Preface
SARAH BLAFFER HRDY
Hailed as a ground-breaking synthesis of feminism and evolutionary theory when first published, The Woman That Never Evolved is a bold and refreshing answer to contemporary versions of social Darwinism that shoehorn female nature into narrow stereotypes. Sarah Blaffer Hrdy, a leader in modern primatology, argues that evolutionary theorists' emphasis on sexual competition among males for access to females overlooks selection pressures on females themselves. In a vivid account of what female primates themselves actually do to secure their own reproductive advantage, she demolishes myths about sexually passive, "coy," compliant, exclusively nurturing females. Her lucid and compelling account of the great range of behaviors in many species of primates expands the concept of female nature to include the full range of selection pressures on females, and reminds us of the true complexity and dynamism of the evolutionary story.