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Scholarly Editions: 
The Collected Works of John Dewey: CONTENTS
(Southern Illinois U. Press)

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The Collected Works of John Dewey: 1882-1953

The Early Works of John Dewey, 1882-1898

Volume 1: 1882-1888

Introduction by Lewis E. Hahn, xxiii


The Metaphysical Assumptions of Materialism, 3
The Pantheism of Spinoza, 9
Knowledge and the Relativity of Feeling, 19
Kant and Philosophic Method, 34
The New Psychology, 48
The Obligation to Knowledge of God, 61
Education and the Health of Women, 64
Health and Sex in Higher Education, 69
Psychology in High-Schools from the Standpoint of the College, 81
The Place of Religious Emotion, 90
Soul and Body, 93
Inventory of Philosophy Taught in American Colleges, 116
The Psychological Standpoint, 122
Psychology as Philosophic Method, 144
"Illusory Psychology," 168
Knowledge as Idealization, 176
Professor Ladd's Elements of Physiological Psychology, 194
Ethics and Physical Science, 205
The Ethics of Democracy, 227


Leibniz's New Essays Concerning the Human Understanding, 251
Preface, 253
1. The Man, 255
2. The Sources of His Philosophy, 268
3. The Problem, and Its Solution, 284
4. Locke and Leibniz--Innate Ideas, 299
5. Sensation and Experience, 313
6. The Impulses and the Will, 327
7. Matter and Its Relation to Spirit, 342
8. Material Phenomena and Their Reality, 355
9. Some Fundamental Conceptions, 373
10. The Nature and Extent of Knowledge, 384
11. The Theology of Leibniz, 403
12. Criticism and Conclusion, 414


Volume 2: 1887

Introduction by Herbert W. Schneider, xxiii


Preface, 3
Note to the Second Edition, 5
Note to the Third Edition, 5
1. Science and Method of Psychology, 7
2. Mind and Its Modes of Activity, 18


Part One: Knowledge, 29
3. Elements of Knowledge, 29
4. Processes of Knowledge, 75
5. Stages of Knowledge: Perception, 137
6. Stages of Knowledge: Memory, 154
7. Stages of Knowledge: Imagination, 168
8. Stages of Knowledge: Thinking, 177
9. Stages of Knowledge: Intuition, 204


Part Two: Feeling, 215
10. Introduction to Feeling, 215
11. Sensuous Feeling, 218
12. Formal Feeling, 228
13. Development of Qualitative Feelings, 239
14. Intellectual Feelings, 256
15. Aesthetic Feeling, 267
16. Personal Feeling, 281


Part Three: The Will, 299
17. Sensuous Impulses, 299
18. Development of Volition, 309
19. Physical Control, 321
20. Prudential Control, 332
21. Moral Control, 342
22. Will as the Source of Ideals and of Their Realization, 357


Volume 3: 1889-1892

Introduction by S. Morris Eames, xxi



The Late Professor Morris, 3
The Philosophy of Thomas Hill Green, 14
The Lesson of Contemporary French Literature, 36
Galton's Statistical Methods, 43
Ethics in the University of Michigan, 48
A College Course: What Should I Expect from It? 51
On Some Current Conceptions of the Term "Self," 56
Is Logic a Dualistic Science? 75
The Logic of Verification, 83
Philosophy in American Universities: The University of Michigan, 90
Moral Theory and Practice, 93
Poetry and Philosophy, 110
The Present Position of Logical Theory, 125
How Do Concepts Arise from Percepts? 142
Lectures vs. Recitations: A Symposium, 147
The Scholastic and the Speculator, 148
Green's Theory of the Moral Motive, 155
Two Phases of Renan's Life, 174



Review of Edward Caird's The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant, 180
Review of John P. Mahaffy's and John H. Bernard's Kant's Critical
Philosophy for English Readers
, 184
Review of J. E. Erdmann's A History of Philosophy, 185
Review of J. MacBride Sterrett's Studies in Hegel's Philosophy of Religion, 187
Review of J. H. Baker's Elementary Psychology, 190
Review of Francis Howe Johnson's What Is Reality? 192
Review of the Rev. A. J. Church's The Story of the Odyssey, 193

The Angle of Reflection, 195

Introduction to Philosophy: Syllabus of Course 5, 211


Outlines of a Critical Theory of Ethics, 237
Preface, 239
Introduction, 241


Part One: Fundamental Ethical Notions, 249
1. The Good, 249
2. The Idea of Obligation, 328
3. The Idea of Freedom, 340


Part Two: The Ethical World, 345


Part Three: The Moral Life of the Individual, 353
1. The Formation and Growth of Ideals, 354
2. The Moral Struggle or the Realizing of Ideals, 372
3. Realized Morality or the Virtues, 382
Conclusion, 386


Volume 4: 1893-1894

Introduction by Wayne A. R. Leys, xiii



Christianity and Democracy, 3
Renan's Loss of Faith in Science, 11
The Superstition of Necessity, 19
Anthropology and Law, 37
Self-Realization as the Moral Ideal, 42
Teaching Ethics in the High School, 54
Why Study Philosophy? 62
The Psychology of Infant Language, 66
Austin's Theory of Sovereignty, 70
The Ego as Cause, 91
Reconstruction, 96
The Chaos in Moral Training, 106
Fred Newton Scott, 119
Intuitionalism, 123
Moral Philosophy, 132
The Theory of Emotion, 152



Review of Bernard Bosanquet's A History of Aesthetic, 189
Review of Josiah Royce's "On Certain Psychological Aspects of Moral Training" and "The Knowledge of Good and Evil" and Georg Simmel's "Moral Deficiencies as Determining Intellectual Functions," 197
Review of Lester Frank Ward's The Psychic Factors of Civilization; Benjamin Kidd's Social Evolution; George Burton Adams's Civilization during the Middle Ages; and Robert Flint's History of the Philosophy of History, 200
Review of James Bonar's Philosophy and Political Economy in Some of Their Historical Relations, 214


The Study of Ethics: A Syllabus, 219
Prefatory Note, 221


Part One, 223
1. Nature of Ethical Theory, 223
2. The Factors of Moral Conduct: The Agent and His Sphere of Action, 228


Part Two: Psychological Ethics, 235
3. A General Analysis of Conduct, 235
4. The Moral Consciousness, 240
5. Moral Approbation, Value and Standard, 247
6. Reflective Approbation, or Conscience, 292
7. Obligation, 311
8. Freedom and Responsibility, 337
9. Virtue and the Virtues, 351



1. The Relation of Philosophy to Theology, 365
2. Comments on Cheating, 369
3. Ethics and Politics, 371


Volume 5: 1895-1898

Introduction by William R. McKenzie, xiii



The Significance of the Problem of Knowledge, 3
The Metaphysical Method in Ethics, 25
Evolution and Ethics, 34
Ethical Principles Underlying Education, 54
My Pedagogic Creed, 84
The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology, 96
Interest in Relation to Training of the Will, 111
The Psychology of Effort, 151
The Psychological Aspect of the School Curriculum, 164
Some Remarks on the Psychology of Number, 177
Imagination and Expression, 192
The Aesthetic Element in Education, 202
Results of Child-Study Applied to Education, 204
The Kindergarten and Child-Study, 207
Criticisms Wise and Otherwise on Modern Child-Study, 209
The Interpretation Side of Child-Study, 211
Plan of Organization of the University Primary School, 223
A Pedagogical Experiment, 244
Interpretation of the Culture-Epoch Theory, 247
The Primary-Education Fetich, 254
The Influence of the High School upon Educational Methods, 270
Pedagogy as a University Discipline, 281
Educational Ethics: Syllabus of a Course of Six Lecture-Studies, 291
Educational Psychology: Syllabus of a Course of Twelve Lecture-Studies, 303
Pedagogy IB 19: Philosophy of Education, 1898-1899--Winter Quarter, 328



The Philosophic Renascence in America. Review of Paul Deussen's The Elements of Metaphysics; F. Max Müller's Three Lectures on the Vedanta Philosophy; David J. Hill's Genetic Philosophy; Hegel's Philosophy of Mind, translated by William Wallace; Herbert Nichols's and William E. Parsons's Our Notions of Number and Space; Théodule Ribot's The Diseases of the Will; Charles Van Norden's The Psychic Factor; Alexander T. Ormond's Basal Concepts in Philosophy; and Paul Carus's A Primer of Philosophy, 342
Review of Johnson's Universal Cyclopaedia, vols. I-V, 347
Review of Sophie Bryant's Studies in Character and John Watson's Hedonistic Theories from Aristippus to Spencer, 350
Review of Levi L. Conant's The Number Concept, 355
Review of H. M. Stanley's Studies in the Evolutionary Psychology of Feeling, 358
Review of James Sully's Studies of Childhood, 367
Review of William Torrey Harris's Psychologic Foundations of Education, 372
Review of James Mark Baldwin's Social and Ethical Interpretations in Mental Development [Philosophical Review], 385
Rejoinder to Baldwin's Social Interpretations: A Reply, 399
Review of James Mark Baldwin's Social and Ethical Interpretations in Mental Development [New World], 402



Letter to the Editor of the Chicago Evening Post, 423
Psychology of Number, 424
On the Study of History in the Schools, 429
The Sense of Solidity, 430



1. The Need for a Laboratory School, 433
2. The University School, 436
3. Letter and Statement on Organization of Work in a Department of Pedagogy, 442
4. Report of the Committee on a Detailed Plan for a Report on Elementary Education, 448

The Later Works, 1925-1953

NOTE: The cloth edition includes all the scholarly apparatus, with notes, variants, bibliographies, etc. The paper edition of the following Dewey volumes omits the apparatus and basically includes the definite text.
View the contents of all Later Works volumes. 

The Middle Works of John Dewey, 1899-1924

Volume 1: 1899-1901

Introduction by Joe R. Burnett, ix


The School and Society, 1
Publisher's Note, 3
Author's Note, 3
Author's Note to Second Edition, 4
1. The School and Social Progress, 5
2. The School and the Life of the Child, 21
3. Waste in Education, 39
4. Three Years of the University Elementary School, 57
5. The Psychology of Elementary Education, 67
6. Froebel's Educational Principles, 81
7. The Psychology of Occupations, 92
8. The Development of Attention, 97
9. The Aim of History in Elementary Education, 104


"Consciousness" and Experience, 113
Psychology and Social Practice, 131
Some Stages of Logical Thought, 151
Principles of Mental Development as Illustrated in Early Infancy, 175
Mental Development, 192
Group IV. Historical Development of Inventions and Occupations, 222
General Introduction to Groups V and VI, 225
The Place of Manual Training in the Elementary Course of Study, 230



Review of Josiah Royce's The World and the Individual. Gifford Lectures, First Series: The Four Historical Conceptions of Being, 241


The Educational Situation, 257
Prefatory Word, 259
1.As Concerns the Elementary School, 260
2.As Concerns Secondary Education, 283
3.As Concerns the College, 300



The University Elementary School, 317
Comment on William James's Principles of Psychology, 321


Volume 2: 1902-1903

Introduction by Sidney Hook, ix




The Evolutionary Method as Applied to Morality
I. Its Scientific Necessity, 3
II. Its Significance for Conduct, 20
Interpretation of Savage Mind, 39
Academic Freedom, 53
The University of Chicago School of Education, 67
Bulletin of Information: The University of Chicago School of Education, 72
The School as Social Centre, 80



In Remembrance, Francis W. Parker, 97
In Memoriam: Colonel Francis Wayland Parker, 98
Discussion of "What Our Schools Owe to Child Study" by Theodore B. Noss, 102
Memorandum to President Harper on Coeducation, 105
Letter to A. K. Parker on Coeducation, 108



Review of Lightner Witmer's Analytical Psychology, 119
Review of Josiah Royce's The World and the Individual. Second Series: Nature, Man, and the Moral Order, 120

Contributions to Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology, 139

The Child and the Curriculum, 271


Studies in Logical Theory, 293
Preface, 295
1. The Relationship of Thought and Its Subject-Matter, 298
2. The Antecedents and Stimuli of Thinking, 316
3. Data and Meanings, 337
4. The Objects of Thought, 351
5. [On Mill and Whewell], 368


Volume 3: 1903-1906

Introduction by Darnell Rucker, ix



Logical Conditions of a Scientific Treatment of Morality, 3
Ethics, 40
Psychological Method in Ethics, 59
Notes upon Logical Topics, 62
Philosophy and American National Life, 73
The Terms "Conscious" and "Consciousness," 79
Beliefs and Existences [Beliefs and Realities], 83
Reality as Experience, 101
The Experimental Theory of Knowledge, 107
Experience and Objective Idealism, 128
The St. Louis Congress of the Arts and Sciences, 145
Rejoinder to Münsterberg, 151
The Realism of Pragmatism, 153
The Postulate of Immediate Empiricism, 158
Immediate Empiricism, 168
The Knowledge Experience and Its Relationships, 171
The Knowledge Experience Again, 178
Emerson--The Philosopher of Democracy, 184
The Philosophical Work of Herbert Spencer, 193
Religious Education as Conditioned by Modern Psychology and Pedagogy, 210
The Psychological and the Logical in Teaching Geometry, 216
Democracy in Education, 229
Education, Direct and Indirect, 240
The Relation of Theory to Practice in Education, 249
Significance of the School of Education, 273
Culture and Industry in Education, 285
Remarks on "Shortening the Years of Elementary Schooling" by Frank Louis Soldan, 294
Introduction to Irving W. King's The Psychology of Child Development, 299



Review of Katharine Elizabeth Dopp's The Place of Industries in Elementary Education, 307
Review of W. R. Benedict's World Views and Their Ethical Implications, 310
Review of F. C. S. Schiller's Humanism, 312
Review of George Santayana's The Life of Reason, vols. 1-2, 319



Introduction of the Orator, 325
The Organization and Curricula of the [University of Chicago] College of Education, 327
The School of Education, 342
Method of the Recitation, 347


Volume 4: 1907-1909

Introduction by Lewis E. Hahn, ix



The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy, 3
Nature and Its Good: A Conversation, 15
Intelligence and Morals, 31
The Intellectualist Criterion for Truth, 50
The Dilemma of the Intellectualist Theory of Truth, 76
The Control of Ideas by Facts, 78
The Logical Character of Ideas, 91
What Pragmatism Means by Practical, 98
Discussion on Realism and Idealism, 116
Discussion on the "Concept of a Sensation," 118
Pure Experience and Reality: A Disclaimer, 120
Does Reality Possess Practical Character? 125
A Reply to Professor McGilvary's Questions (1912), 143
Objects, Data, and Existences: A Reply to Professor McGilvary, 146
Address to National Negro Conference, 156
Education as a University Study, 158
Religion and Our Schools, 165
The Bearings of Pragmatism upon Education, 178
History for the Educator, 192
The Purpose and Organization of Physics Teaching in Secondary Schools, 198
Teaching That Does Not Educate, 201
The Moral Significance of the Common School Studies, 205



Review of Studies in Philosophy and Psychology by former students
of Charles Edward Garman, 217
Review of George Santayana's The Life of Reason, 5 vols., 229
Review of A. Sidgwick and Eleanor M. Sidgwick's Henry Sidgwick, 242
Review of Albert Schinz's Anti-pragmatisme, 245

Syllabus: The Pragmatic Movement of Contemporary Thought, 251


Moral Principles in Education, 265
1. The Moral Purpose of the School, 267
2. The Moral Training Given by the School Community, 269
3. The Moral Training from Methods of Instruction, 275
4. The Social Nature of the Course of Study, 279
5. The Psychological Aspect of Moral Education, 286


Volume 5: 1908

Introduction by Charles L. Stevenson, ix


Preface, 3
1. Introduction, 7


Part I: The Beginnings and Growth of Morality, 21
2. Early Group Life, 23
3. The Rationalizing and Socializing Agencies in Early Society, 41
4. Group Morality--Customs or Mores, 54
5. From Custom to Conscience; From Group Morality to Personal Morality, 74
6. The Hebrew Moral Development, 89
7. The Moral Development of the Greeks, 106
8. The Modern Period, 134
9. A General Comparison of Customary and Reflective Morality, 160


Part II: Theory of the Moral Life, 185
10. The Moral Situation, 187
11. Problems of Moral Theory, 197
12. Types of Moral Theory, 207
13. Conduct and Character, 221
14. Happiness and Conduct: The Good and Desire, 241
15. Happiness and Social Ends, 261
16. The Place of Reason in the Moral Life: Moral Knowledge, 278
17. The Place of Duty in the Moral Life: Subjection to Authority, 305
18. The Place of Self in the Moral Life, 328
19. The Virtues, 359


Part III: The World of Action, 381
20. Social Organization and the Individual, 383
21. Civil Society and the Political State, 404
22. The Ethics of the Economic Life, 435
23. Some Principles in the Economic Order, 460
24. Unsettled Problems in the Economic Order, 468
25. Unsettled Problems in the Economic Order (Continued), 480
26. The Family, 510


Volume 6: 1910-1911

Introduction by H. S. Thayer and V. T. Thayer, ix



A Short Catechism concerning Truth, 3
The Problem of Truth, 12
Science as Subject-Matter and as Method, 69
Valid Knowledge and the "Subjectivity of Experience," 80
Some Implications of Anti-Intellectualism, 86
William James [Independent], 91
William James [Journal of Philosophy], 98
Brief Studies in Realism, 103
Maeterlinck's Philosophy of Life, 123
The Study of Philosophy, 136
The Short-Cut to Realism Examined, 138
Rejoinder to Dr. Spaulding, 143
Joint Discussion with Articles of Agreement and Disagreement: Professor Dewey and Dr. Spaulding, 146
A Symposium on Woman's Suffrage [Statement], 153
Is Co-Education Injurious to Girls? 155



Review of Hugo Münsterberg's The Eternal Values, 167



Syllabus of Six Lectures on "Aspects of the Pragmatic Movement of Modern Philosophy," 175


How We Think, 177
Preface, 179


Part One: The Problem of Training Thought, 181
1. What Is Thought? 182
2. The Need for Training Thought, 192
3. Natural Resources in the Training of Thought, 204
4. School Conditions and the Training of Thought, 216
5. The Means and End of Mental Training: The Psychological and the Logical, 224


Part Two: Logical Considerations, 233
6. The Analysis of a Complete Act of Thought, 234
7. Systematic Inference: Induction and Deduction, 242
8. Judgment: The Interpretation of Facts, 259
9. Meaning: Or Conceptions and Understanding, 271
10. Concrete and Abstract Thinking, 286
11. Empirical and Scientific Thinking, 293


Part Three: The Training of Thought, 303
12. Activity and the Training of Thought, 304
13. Language and the Training of Thought, 314
14. Observation and Information in the Training of Mind, 328
15. The Recitation and the Training of Thought, 338
16. Some General Conclusions, 348

Contributions to A Cyclopedia of Education, vols. 1 and 2, 357


Volume 7: 1912-1914

Introduction by Ralph Ross, ix



Perception and Organic Action, 3
What Are States of Mind? 31
The Problem of Values, 44
Psychological Doctrine and Philosophical Teaching, 47
Nature and Reason in Law, 56
A Reply to Professor Royce's Critique of Instrumentalism, 64
In Response to Professor McGilvary, 79
Should Michigan Have Vocational Education under "Unit" or "Dual" Control? 85
A Policy of Industrial Education, 93
Some Dangers in the Present Movement for Industrial Education, 98
Industrial Education and Democracy, 104
Cut-and-Try School Methods, 106
Professional Spirit among Teachers, 109
Education from a Social Perspective, 113



A Trenchant Attack on Logic. Review of F. C. S. Schiller's Formal Logic: A Scientific and Social Problem, 131
Review of Hugh S. R. Elliot's Modern Science and the Illusions of Professor Bergson, 135
Modern Psychologists. Review of G. Stanley Hall's Founders of Modern Psychology, 137
Review of William James's Essays in Radical Empiricism, 142
Statement on Max Eastman's The Enjoyment of Poetry, 149

Interest and Effort in Education, 151



Introduction to A Contribution to a Bibliography of Henri Bergson, 201
Introduction to Directory of the Trades and Occupations Taught at the Day and Evening Schools in Greater New York, 205

Contributions to A Cyclopedia of Education, vols. 3, 4, and 5, 209



Reasoning in Early Childhood, 369
Lectures to the Federation for Child Study, 377
Professor Dewey's Report on the Fairhope [Alabama] Experiment in Organic Education, 387
The Psychology of Social Behavior, 390
Professor for Suffrage, 409


Volume 8: 1915

Introduction by Sidney Hook, ix



The Subject-Matter of Metaphysical Inquiry, 3
The Logic of Judgments of Practice, 14
The Existence of the World as a Logical Problem, 83
Introductory Address to the American Association of University Professors, 98
Annual Address of the President to the American Association of University Professors, 104
Faculty Share in University Control, 109
Industrial Education--A Wrong Kind, 117
Splitting Up the School System, 123
State or City Control of Schools? 128


German Philosophy and Politics, 135
Preface, 137
1. German Philosophy: The Two Worlds, 139
2. German Moral and Political Philosophy, 161
3. The Germanic Philosophy of History, 183


Schools of To-Morrow, 205
Preface, 207
1. Education as Natural Development, 211
2. An Experiment in Education as Natural Development, 222
3. Four Factors in Natural Growth, 236
4. The Reorganization of the Curriculum, 248
5. Play, 275
6. Freedom and Individuality, 294
7. The Relation of the School to the Community, 314
8. The School as a Social Settlement, 339
9. Industry and Educational Readjustment, 353
10.Education through Industry, 365
11.Democracy and Education, 388



Professorial Freedom, 407
The Situation at the University of Utah, 409
Education vs. Trade-Training: Reply to David Snedden, 411
Letter to William Bagley and the Editorial Staff of School and Home Education, 414
Reply to Charles P. Megan's "Parochial School Education," 416
Reply to William Ernest Hocking's "Political Philosophy in Germany," 418
The One-World of Hitler's National Socialism, 421


Volume 9: 1916

Introduction by Sidney Hook, ix


Preface, 3
1. Education as a Necessity of Life, 4
2. Education as a Social Function, 14
3. Education as Direction, 28
4. Education as Growth, 46
5. Preparation, Unfolding, and Formal Discipline, 59
6. Education as Conservative and Progressive, 75
7. The Democratic Conception in Education, 87
8. Aims in Education, 107
9. Natural Development and Social Efficiency as Aims, 118
10. Interest and Discipline, 131
11. Experience and Thinking, 146
12. Thinking in Education, 159
13. The Nature of Method, 171
14. The Nature of Subject Matter, 188
15. Play and Work in the Curriculum, 202
16. The Significance of Geography and History, 215
17. Science in the Course of Study, 227
18. Educational Values, 240
19. Labor and Leisure, 259
20. Intellectual and Practical Studies, 271
21. Physical and Social Studies: Naturalism and Humanism, 286
22. The Individual and the World, 300
23. Vocational Aspects of Education, 316
24. Philosophy of Education, 331
25. Theories of Knowledge, 343
26. Theories of Morals, 356


10: 1916-1917

Introduction by Lewis E. Hahn, ix



The Need for a Recovery of Philosophy, 3
The Concept of the Neutral in Recent Epistemology, 49
The Need for Social Psychology, 53
Duality and Dualism, 64
Spencer and Bergson, 67
The Pragmatism of Peirce, 71
Voluntarism in the Roycean Philosophy, 79
Logical Objects, 89
Concerning Novelties in Logic: A Reply to Mr. Robinson, 98
George Sylvester Morris: An Estimate, 109
Current Tendencies in Education, 116
Experiment in Education, 121
Federal Aid to Elementary Education, 125
Method in Science Teaching, 130
The Need of an Industrial Education in an Industrial Democracy, 137
Learning to Earn: The Place of Vocational Education in a Comprehensive Scheme of Public Education, 144
The Modern Trend toward Vocational Education in Its Effect upon the Professional and Non-Professional Studies of the University, 151
Democracy and Loyalty in the Schools, 158
The Case of the Professor and the Public Interest, 164
Professional Organization of Teachers, 168
Public Education on Trial, 173
Our Educational Ideal in Wartime, 178
Universal Service as Education, 183
The Schools and Social Preparedness, 191
American Education and Culture, 196
Nationalizing Education, 202
Force, Violence and Law, 211
On Understanding the Mind of Germany, 216
Progress, 234
Force and Coercion, 244
The Hughes Campaign, 252
In a Time of National Hesitation, 256
Conscience and Compulsion, 260
The Future of Pacifism, 265
What America Will Fight For, 271
Conscription of Thought, 276
Fiat Justitia, Ruat Coelum, 281
The Principle of Nationality, 285
In Explanation of Our Lapse, 292
Enlistment for the Farm, 296



Vocational Education. Review of John A. Lapp's and Carl H. Mote's Learning to Earn, 303
The Tragedy of the German Soul. Review of George Santayana's Egotism in German Philosophy, 305
H. G. Wells, Theological Assembler. Review of H. G. Wells's God the Invisible King, 310
War Activities for Civilians. Review of National Service Handbook, 315



Prefatory Note to Essays in Experimental Logic, 319
Introduction to Essays in Experimental Logic, 320
An Added Note as to the "Practical" in Essays in Experimental Logic, 366
Ill Advised, 370
American Association of University Professors, 371
Announcement from Committee on University Ethics, American Association of University Professors, 373
Report of Committee on University Ethics, American Association of University Professors, 374
Universal Military Training, 377



Organization in American Education, 397


Volume 11: 1918-1919

Introduction by Oscar Handlin and Lilian Handlin, ix



The Objects of Valuation, 3
Concerning Alleged Immediate Knowledge of Mind, 10
The Motivation of Hobbes's Political Philosophy, 18
Philosophy and Democracy, 41
Education and Social Direction, 54
Vocational Education in the Light of the World War, 58
America in the World, 70
Internal Social Reorganization after the War, 73
A New Social Science, 87
Political Science as a Recluse, 93
What Are We Fighting For? 98
The Cult of Irrationality, 107
The Post-War Mind, 112
The New Paternalism, 117
Morals and the Conduct of States, 122
The Approach to a League of Nations, 127
The League of Nations and the New Diplomacy, 131
The Fourteen Points and the League of Nations, 135
A League of Nations and Economic Freedom, 139
Theodore Roosevelt, 143
Japan and America, 150
Liberalism in Japan, 156
On the Two Sides of the Eastern Sea, 174
The Discrediting of Idealism, 180
The Student Revolt in China, 186
The International Duel in China, 192
Militarism in China, 199
Transforming the Mind of China, 205
Chinese National Sentiment, 215
The American Opportunity in China, 228
Our Share in Drugging China, 235
Autocracy under Cover, 241
Preliminary Confidential Memorandum on Polish Conditions, 248
Second Preliminary Confidential Memorandum on Polish Conditions, 255
Confidential Report of Conditions among the Poles in the United States, 259



Creative Industry. Review of Helen Marot's Creative Impulse in Industry, 333
Review of Robert Mark Wenley's The Life and Work of George Sylvester Morris, 336



Syllabus of Eight Lectures on "Problems of Philosophic Reconstruction," 341
Introductory Word to F. Matthias Alexander's Man's Supreme Inheritance, 350
Reply to a Reviewer [Randolph Bourne], 353


Volume 12: 1920

Introduction by Ralph Ross, ix



Our National Dilemma, 3
Freedom of Thought and Work, 8
Americanism and Localism, 12
How Reaction Helps, 17
The Sequel of the Student Revolt, 22
Shantung, As Seen from Within, 28
The New Leaven in Chinese Politics, 41
What Holds China Back, 51
China's Nightmare, 60
A Political Upheaval in China, 65
Industrial China, 71


Reconstruction in Philosophy, 77
Prefatory Note, 79
1. Changing Conceptions of Philosophy, 80
2. Some Historical Factors in Philosophical Reconstruction, 95
3. The Scientific Factor in Reconstruction of Philosophy, 110
4. Changed Conceptions of Experience and Reason, 124
5. Changed Conceptions of the Ideal and the Real, 139
6. The Significance of Logical Reconstruction, 156
7. Reconstruction in Moral Conceptions, 172
8. Reconstruction as Affecting Social Philosophy, 187



Three Contemporary Philosophers: William James, Henri Bergson, and Bertrand Russell, 205



Bolshevism in China: Service Report, 253
Introduction to 1948 Reprint of Reconstruction in Philosophy, 256


Volume 13: 1921-1922

Introduction by Ralph Ross, ix



Valuation and Experimental Knowledge, 3
Knowledge and Speech Reaction, 29
Realism without Monism or Dualism, 40
An Analysis of Reflective Thought, 61
Is China a Nation? 72
The Far Eastern Deadlock, 79
The Consortium in China, 86
Old China and New, 93
New Culture in China, 108
Hinterlands in China, 121
Divided China, 127
Shantung Again, 139
The Tenth Anniversary of the Republic of China, 147
Federalism in China, 149
China and Disarmament, 156
A Parting of the Ways for America, 159
The Issues at Washington, 173
Shrewd Tactics Are Shown in Chinese Plea, 191
Four Principles for China, 194
Underground Burrows, 197
Angles of Shantung Question, 201
The Conference and a Happy Ending, 204
Chinese Resignations, 209
Three Results of Treaty, 212
A Few Second Thoughts on Four-Power Pact, 213
As the Chinese Think, 217
America and Chinese Education, 228
The Siberian Republic, 233
The Far Eastern Republic: Siberia and Japan, 240
Racial Prejudice and Friction, 242
Public Opinion in Japan, 255
Some Factors in Mutual National Understanding, 262
Education by Henry Adams, 272
Events and Meanings, 276
Industry and Motives, 281
Classicism as an Evangel, 286
Mediocrity and Individuality, 289
Individuality, Equality and Superiority, 295
The American Intellectual Frontier, 301
Pragmatic America, 306
Social Absolutism, 311
Education as a Religion, 317
Education as Engineering, 323
Education as Politics, 329



Review of Walter Lippmann's Public Opinion, 337
Review of Charles Hitchcock Sherrill's Prime Ministers and Presidents and Frazier Hunt's The Rising Temper of the East, 345

Syllabus: Types of Philosophic Thought, 349

Contribution to Encyclopaedia and Dictionary of Education, 397



Rejoinder to Dora W. Black's "American Policy in China," 409
Foreword to Salmon O. Levinson's Outlawry of War, 411
First Introduction to Scudder Klyce's Universe, 412
Reply to "Liberalism and Irrationalism," 421



Report by Charles W. Wood, 425


Volume 14: 1922

Introduction by Murray G. Murphey, ix


Preface, 3
Introduction, 4


Part I: The Place of Habit in Conduct, 13
1. Habits as Social Functions, 15
2. Habits and Will, 21
3. Character and Conduct, 33
4. Custom and Habit, 43
5. Custom and Morality, 54
6. Habit and Social Psychology, 60


Part II: The Place of Impulse in Conduct, 63
7. Impulses and Change of Habits, 65
8. Plasticity of Impulse, 69
9. Changing Human Nature, 76
10.Impulse and Conflict of Habits, 88
11.Classification of Instincts, 92
12.No Separate Instincts, 104
13.Impulse and Thought, 117


Part III: The Place of Intelligence in Conduct, 119
14. Habit and Intelligence, 121
15.The Psychology of Thinking, 127
16.The Nature of Deliberation, 132
17.Deliberation and Calculation, 139
18.The Uniqueness of Good, 146
19.The Nature of Aims, 154
20.The Nature of Principles, 164
21.Desire and Intelligence, 171
22.The Present and Future, 182


Part IV: Conclusion, 191
23. The Good of Activity, 193
24.Morals Are Human, 204
25.What Is Freedom? 209
26.Morality Is Social, 216

Foreword to the 1930 Modern Library Edition, 228


Volume 15: 1923-1924

Introduction by Carl Cohen, ix



Fundamentals, 3
Kant after Two Hundred Years, 8
Tradition, Metaphysics, and Morals, 14
Values, Liking, and Thought, 20
Some Comments on Philosophical Discussion, 27
A Sick World, 42
Science, Belief and the Public, 47
Ethics and International Relations, 53
Logical Method and Law, 65
Shall We Join the League? 78
Reply to Lovejoy's "Shall We Join the League of Nations?" 83
Shall the United States Join the World Court? 87
Political Combination or Legal Cooperation? 105
If War Were Outlawed, 110
What Outlawry of War Is Not, 115
War and a Code of Law, 122
Secularizing a Theocracy, 128
Angora, the New, 134
The Turkish Tragedy, 139
Foreign Schools in Turkey, 144
The School as a Means of Developing a Social Consciousness
and Social Ideals in Children, 150
Social Purposes in Education, 158
Individuality in Education, 170
The Classroom Teacher, 180
"What Is a School For?" 190
Culture and Professionalism in Education, 193
Making Education a Student Affair, 198
The Prospects of the Liberal College, 200
The Liberal College and Its Enemies, 205



China and the West. Review of Bertrand Russell's The Problem of China, 215
Review of George Santayana's Scepticism and Animal Faith, 219
Review of C. K. Ogden's and I. A. Richards's The Meaning of Meaning, 223
Review of Charles S. Peirce's Chance, Love, and Logic, 226

Syllabus: Social Institutions and the Study of Morals, 229

Report and Recommendation upon Turkish Education, 273



Preliminary Report on Turkish Education, 301
Introduction to F. Matthias Alexander's Constructive Conscious
Control of the Individual
, 308
In Behalf of Culture, 316
Dewey Aids La Follette, 317
Statement on Scholasticism, 318

The Middle Works, 1899-1924

NOTE: The cloth edition includes all the scholarly apparatus, with notes, variants, bibliographies, etc. The paper edition of the following Dewey volumes omits the apparatus and basically includes the definite text.
View the contents of all Middle Works volumes. 

The Later Works of John Dewey, 1925-1953

Volume 1: 1925

Introduction by Sidney Hook, vii


Preface, 3
1. Experience and Philosophic Method, 10
2. Existence as Precarious and as Stable, 42
3. Nature, Ends and Histories, 69
4. Nature, Means and Knowledge, 100
5. Nature, Communication and Meaning, 132
6. Nature, Mind and the Subject, 162
7. Nature, Life and Body-Mind, 191
8. Existence, Ideas and Consciousness, 226
9. Experience, Nature and Art, 266
10. Existence, Value and Criticism, 295
The Unfinished Introduction, 329
Experience and Philosophic Method, 365


Volume 2: 1925-1927

Introduction by James Gouinlock, ix


The Development of American Pragmatism, 3
Corporate Personality, 22
A Naturalistic Theory of Sense-Perception, 44
Individuality and Experience, 55
Events and the Future, 62
The Meaning of Value, 69
Value, Objective Reference and Criticism, 78
The Ethics of Animal Experimentation, 98
Affective Thought, 104
Art in Education--and Education in Art, 111
What Is the Matter with Teaching? 116
The "Socratic Dialogues" of Plato, 124
Substance, Power and Quality in Locke, 141
William James in Nineteen Twenty-Six, 158
Bishop Brown: A Fundamental Modernist, 163
America's Responsibility, 167
America and the Far East, 173
Highly Colored White Lies, 176
Is China a Nation or a Market? 181
We Should Deal with China as Nation to Nation, 185
The Problem of Turkey, 189
Church and State in Mexico, 194
Mexico's Educational Renaissance, 199
From a Mexican Notebook, 206



Practical Democracy. Review of Walter Lippmann's The Phantom Public, 213
The Changing Intellectual Climate. Review of Alfred North Whitehead's Science and the Modern World, 221
A Key to the New World. Review of Bertrand Russell's Education and the Good Life, 226
Review of Graham Wallas's The Art of Thought, 231


The Public and Its Problems, 235
Prefatory Note, 237
1. Search for the Public, 238
2. Discovery of the State, 259
3. The Democratic State, 282
4. The Eclipse of the Public, 304
5. Search for the Great Community, 325
6. The Problem of Method, 351



1946 Introduction to The Public and Its Problems, 375
Dedication Address of the Barnes Foundation, 382
Literature or Mathematics? Comment on Raymond Weeks's Boys' Own Arithmetic, 386
Foreword to William James Durant's The Story of Philosophy, 387
An International Symposium on Scholasticism, 388


Volume 3: 1927-1928

Introduction by David Sidorsky, ix



Philosophy and Civilization, 3
Anthropology and Ethics, 11
Body and Mind, 25
The Inclusive Philosophic Idea, 41
Appearing and Appearance, 55
"Half-Hearted Naturalism," 73
Meaning and Existence, 82
Philosophies of Freedom, 92
Philosophy, 115
A Critique of American Civilization, 133
The Pragmatic Acquiescence, 145
The Fruits of Nationalism, 152
Imperialism Is Easy, 158
"As an Example to Other Nations," 163
Rejoinder to James T. Shotwell, 168
Outlawing Peace by Discussing War, 173
Justice Holmes and the Liberal Mind, 177
Why I Am for Smith, 184
Psychology and Justice, 186
China and the Powers: II. Intervention a Challenge to Nationalism, 196
The Real Chinese Crisis, 199
Impressions of Soviet Russia:

I. Leningrad Gives the Clue, 203
II. A Country in a State of Flux, 208
III. A New World in the Making, 215
IV. What Are the Russian Schools Doing? 224
V. New Schools for a New Era, 233
VI. The Great Experiment and the Future, 242
The Direction of Education, 251
Progressive Education and the Science of Education, 257
Why I Am a Member of the Teachers Union, 269
Bankruptcy of Modern Education, 276
The Manufacturers' Association and the Public Schools, 280



Philosophy as a Fine Art. Review of George Santayana's The Realm of Essence, 287
Philosophy's Search for a Satisfying Vision of Reality. Review of Alfred Hoernlé's Idealism as a Philosophy and Bernard Bosanquet's Science and Philosophy and Other Essays, 294
The Integration of a Moving World. Review of Edmund Noble's Purposive Evolution: The Link between Science and Religion, 299
Science, Folk-lore and Control of Folk-ways. Review of C. E. Ayres's Science: The False Messiah, 305
Things, Thought, Conversation. Review of Scott Buchanan's Possibility and Mortimer Adler's Dialectic, 311
The Way to Think. Review of Ernest Dimnet's The Art of Thinking, 316
Politics and Human Beings. Review of William Ernest Hocking's Man and the State and G. E. G. Catlin's The Science and Method of Politics, 318
Review of Robert H. Lowie's The Origin of the State, 324
Review of Carleton Kemp Allen's Law in the Making, 326
Brave Gospel. Review of Mary H. Lewis's An Adventure with Children, 330



Foreword in Paul Radin's Primitive Man as Philosopher, 335
Introductory Word in Sidney Hook's The Metaphysics of Pragmatism, 338
Introductory Note in Joseph Kinmont Hart's Inside Experience, 342
Introduction to Roswell P. Barnes's Militarizing Our Youth, 346
Afterword in Charles Clayton Morrison's The Outlawry of War, 348
An Appreciation of Henry George, 359
A Tribute to Morris Raphael Cohen, 361
To the Chinese Friends in the United States, 364


Volume 4: 1929

Introduction by Stephen Toulmin, vii


1. Escape from Peril, 3
2. Philosophy's Search for the Immutable, 21
3. Conflict of Authorities, 40
4. The Art of Acceptance and the Art of Control, 60
5. Ideas at Work, 87
6. The Play of Ideas, 112
7. The Seat of Intellectual Authority, 136
8. The Naturalization of Intelligence, 156
9. The Supremacy of Method, 178
10.The Construction of Good, 203
11.The Copernican Revolution, 229

Syllabus for the Gifford Lectureship in Natural Theology, 251


Volume 5: 1929-1930

Introduction by Paul Kurtz, xi

The Sources of a Science of Education, 1


Individualism, Old and New, 41
Prefatory Note, 43
1. The House Divided against Itself, 45
2. "America"--By Formula, 50
3. The United States, Incorporated, 58
4. The Lost Individual, 66
5. Toward a New Individualism, 77
6. Capitalistic or Public Socialism? 90
7. The Crisis in Culture, 99
8. Individuality in Our Day, 111

Construction and Criticism, 125



From Absolutism to Experimentalism, 147
Philosophy, 161
James Marsh and American Philosophy, 178
The Sphere of Application of the Excluded Middle, 197
The Applicability of Logic to Existence, 203
In Reply to Some Criticisms, 210
Conduct and Experience, 218
Psychology and Work, 236
Qualitative Thought, 243
What Humanism Means to Me, 263
What I Believe, 267
Three Independent Factors in Morals, 279
Philosophy and Education, 289
General Principles of Educational Articulation, 299
Our Illiteracy Problem, 311
How Much Freedom in New Schools? 319
The Duties and Responsibilities of the Teaching Profession, 326
Freedom in Workers' Education, 331
Labor Politics and Labor Education, 338
What Do Liberals Want? 346
Apostles of World Unity: XVII--Salmon O. Levinson, 349
Religion in the Soviet Union: II--An Interpretation of the Conflict, 355
Social Change and Its Human Direction, 363



The School and Society. Review of George S. Counts's School and Society in Chicago, 371
An Organic Universe. Review of Alfred North Whitehead's Process and Reality, 375
The Course of Modern History. Review of Harry Elmer Barnes's World Politics in Modern Civilization, 382



Dr. Dewey and Mr. Woll by Matthew Woll, 387
Reply to Woll, 389
The Sportsmanship Brotherhood by Daniel Chase, 390
Mr. Woll as a Communist-Catcher, 392
Letter to University of Michigan School of Education, 393
Juvenile Reading, 394
Understanding and Prejudice, 396
Foreword to Helen Edna Davis's Tolstoy and Nietzsche, 398
Foreword to Eastern Commercial Teachers' Association First Yearbook, Foundation of Commercial Education, 401
Introduction to Henry Evelyn Bliss's The Organization of Knowledge and the System of the Sciences, 404
Introduction to Maurice Hindus's Humanity Uprooted, 407
Foreword to Fischel Schneersohn's Studies in Psycho-Expedition, 410
Introduction to Training for Group Experience, edited by Alfred Dwight Sheffield, 412
Censorship, 417
In Response, 418
Tribute to James H. Tufts, 424



Lobby Inquiry Opens Tomorrow, 429
Attacks Wage Disparity, 431
Child Relief Steps Urged on Congress, 432
Asks Federal Fund to Aid Unemployed, 434
Asks Hoover to Act on Unemployment, 436
Puts Needs of Idle at Two Billions, 439
People's Lobby Hits Sugar Loan to Cuba, 440
John Dewey Assails the Major Parties, 442
Dewey Supports Vladeck, 443
Dewey Asks Norris to Lead New Party, 444
Dewey for Farm Backing, 447


Volume 6: 1931-1932

Introduction by Sidney Ratner, xi



Context and Thought, 3
George Herbert Mead as I Knew Him, 22
Human Nature, 29
Politics and Culture, 40
Science and Society [Address], 49
Science and Society [Philosophy and Civilization], 53
Social Science and Social Control, 64
The Collapse of a Romance, 69
The Way Out of Educational Confusion, 75
American Education Past and Future, 90
Monastery, Bargain Counter, or Laboratory in Education? 99
Appreciation and Cultivation, 112
Political Interference in Higher Education and Research, 118
The Economic Situation: A Challenge to Education, 123
The Schools and the White House Conference, 131
Dewey Describes Child's New World, 137
Discussion of "Freedom, in Relation to Culture, Social Planning, and Leadership," 142
Education and Birth Control, 146
"The Irrepressible Conflict," 149
The Jobless--A Job for All of Us, 153
The Need for a New Party: I. The Present Crisis; II. The Breakdown of the Old Order; III. Who Might Make a New Party?; IV. Policies for a New Party, 156
Is There Hope for Politics? 182
Peace--by Pact or Covenant? 190
Are Sanctions Necessary to International Organization? No, 196
Address to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 224
The Place of Minor Parties in the American Scene and Their Relation to the Present Situation, 231
Democracy Joins the Unemployed, 239
Prospects for a Third Party, 246
After the Election--What? 253



College Sons--and Parents. Review of Christian Gauss's Life in College, 259
"Surpassing America." Review of Sherwood Eddy's The Challenge of Russia; George S. Counts's The Soviet Challenge to America; and William C. White's These Russians, 263
Review of Frederick Hallis's Corporate Personality: A Study in Jurisprudence, 268
Review of George Herbert Palmer's The Autobiography of a Philosopher; Ralph Barton Perry's A Defence of Philosophy; and George Santayana's The Genteel Tradition at Bay, 271
Charles Sanders Peirce. Review of Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, vol. 1, edited by Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss, 273
Marx Inverted. Review of Gerald Heard's The Emergence of Man, 278
Self-Saver or Frankenstein? Review of Oswald Spengler's Man and Technics, 280
Bending the Twig. Review of Albert Jay Nock's The Theory of Education in the United States, 286
Making Soviet Citizens. Review of Thomas Woody's New Minds: New Men? and Nicholas Hans's History of Russian Educational Policy, 291
The Meiklejohn Experiment. Review of Alexander Meiklejohn's The Experimental College, 295
A Philosophy of Scientific Method. Review of Morris R. Cohen's Reason and Nature: An Essay on the Meaning of Scientific Method, 299
Reply to Cohen's "Reason, Nature and Professor Dewey," 304



Prefatory Remarks in George Herbert Mead's The Philosophy of the Present, 307
Introduction to Theodore T. Lafferty's Studies in Philosophy, 311
Foreword to Paul H. Douglas's The Coming of a New Party, 313
Introduction to F. Matthias Alexander's The Use of the Self, 315
Introduction to Jagadish Chandra Chatterji's India's Outlook on Life, 321
The People's Lobby, 322
To Replace Judge Cardozo, 323
A Third Party Program, 324
Vladeck and Laidler, 326
Funds for Brookwood Labor College, 327
Help for Brookwood, 328
What Is It All About? 330



Urges Tax on Rich to Meet Debts Cut, 337
Urges State-Aid Plan for Work Insurance, 339
Full Warehouses and Empty Stomachs, 341
The President and the Special Session, 345
Secretary Klein Asked Basis for Optimism, 346
Rejoinder to Secretary Klein, 351
Challenge to Progressive Senators to Act for Relief, 355
The Key to Hoover's Keynote Speech, 357
Lobby Challenges Senator Borah's Opposition to Reconsideration of Interallied Debts, 364
President Dewey Opposes Blanket Freight Increase, 368
President Dewey Calls on Hoover to Recognize Government Responsibility
for Unemployment, 372
President Dewey Opposes Community Chest Drives for Unemployed, 374
The Federal Government and Unemployment, 377
The Only Way to Stop Hoarding, 379
Church Leaders Ask Church Act on Unemployment, 381
Prosperity Dependent on Building from Bottom Up, 383
Calls Wagner "Keyman" on Unemployment Aid, 384
You Must Act to Get Congress to Act, 386
The Senate Birth Control Bill, 388
Joint Committee on Unemployment Demands Congress Act, 390
Voters Must Demand Congress Tax Wealth Instead of Want, 392
President Dewey Asks Senators to Stay on Guard, 393
Roosevelt Scored on Relief Policy, 395
Get Mayor and Governor to Demand Relief, 397
Introduction [Unemployment Insurance], 399



Setting New Goals at Seventy, 403
John Dewey Surveys the Nation's Ills, 408
Statements to the Conference on Curriculum for the College of Liberal Arts, 414
A Résumé of Four Lectures on Common Sense, Science and Philosophy, 424
Teachers as Citizens, 433
A Statement by the Executive Committee, 436
Prof. Dewey Is Impressed by Discontent, 438
Dewey Raps Progressives on Parley Eve, 440


Volume 7: 1932

Introduction by Abraham Edel and Elizabeth Flower, vii


Preface to the 1932 Edition, 3
Preface to the First Edition, 5
1. Introduction, 9


Part I: The Beginnings and Growth of Morality, 19
2. Early Group Life, 22
3. Basic Activities and Agencies, 39
4. Group Morality--Customs or Mores, 49
5. From Custom to Conscience; From Group Morality to Personal Morality, 68
6. The Hebrew Development, 82
7. The Moral Development of the Greeks, 97
8. The Roman Contribution to the Modern Moral Consciousness, 125
9. Factors and Trends in the Modern Moral Consciousness, 135


Part II: Theory of the Moral Life, 159
10. The Nature of Moral Theory, 162
11. Ends, the Good and Wisdom, 184
12. Right, Duty, and Loyalty, 214
13. Approbation, the Standard and Virtue, 235
14. Moral Judgment and Knowledge, 262
15. The Moral Self, 285


Part III: The World of Action, 311
16. Morals and Social Problems, 314
17. Morals and the Political Order, 340
18. Ethical Problems of the Economic Life, 373
19. Collective Bargaining and the Labor Union, 385
20. Moral Problems of Business, 403
21. Social Control of Business and Industry, 412
22. Toward the Future, 423
23. Marriage and the Family, 438


Volume 8: 1933

Introduction by Richard Rorty, ix


Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences

Logic, 3
Outlawry of War, 13
Philosophy, 19


The Educational Frontier

The Social-Economic Situation and Education, 43
The Underlying Philosophy of Education, 77


How We Think: A Restatement of the Relation of Reflective
Thinking to the Educative Process
, 105
Preface to the New Edition, 107
Preface to the First Edition, 109


Part One: The Problem of Training Thought, 111
1. What Is Thinking? 113
2. Why Reflective Thinking Must Be an Educational Aim, 125
3. Native Resources in Training Thought, 140
4. School Conditions and the Training of Thought, 156


Part Two: Logical Considerations, 169
5. The Process and Product of Reflective Activity: Psychological Process and Logical Form, 171
6. Examples of Inference and Testing, 187
7. Analysis of Reflective Thinking, 196
8. The Place of Judgment in Reflective Activity, 210
9. Understanding: Ideas and Meanings, 221
10. Understanding: Conception and Definition, 235
11. Systematic Method: Control of Data and Evidence, 248
12. Systematic Method: Control of Reasoning and Concepts, 259
13. Empirical and Scientific Thought, 268


Part Three: The Training of Thought, 279
14. Activity and the Training of Thought, 281
15. From the Concrete to the Abstract, 293
16. Language and the Training of Thought, 301
17. Observation and Information in the Training of Mind, 315
18. The Recitation and the Training of Thought, 326
19. Some General Conclusions, 342



The Adventure of Persuasion. Review of Alfred North Whitehead's Adventures of Ideas, 355
A Challenge to Criticism. Review of Martin Schütze's Academic Illusions in the Field of Letters and the Arts, 360
Review of Rexford G. Tugwell's The Industrial Discipline and the Governmental Arts, 364


Volume 9: 1933-1934

Introduction by Milton R. Konvitz, xi


A Common Faith, 1
1. Religion versus the Religious, 3
2. Faith and Its Object, 21
3. The Human Abode of the Religious Function, 40



Steps to Economic Recovery, 61
The Future of Radical Political Action, 66
Unity and Progress, 71
Imperative Need: A New Radical Party, 76
What Keeps Funds Away from Purchasers, 81
American Ideals (I): The Theory of Liberty vs. the Fact of Regimentation, 87
Why I Am Not a Communist, 91
The Supreme Intellectual Obligation, 96
A Great American Prophet, 102
Intelligence and Power, 107
The Crisis in Education, 112
Education and Our Present Social Problems, 127
Dewey Outlines Utopian Schools, 136
Shall We Abolish School "Frills"? No, 141
Why Have Progressive Schools? 147
Education for a Changing Social Order, 158
The Activity Movement, 169
Education and the Social Order, 175
Character Training for Youth, 186
The Need for a Philosophy of Education, 194
Can Education Share in Social Reconstruction? 205



A God or The God? Review of Is There a God? by Henry Nelson Wieman, Douglas Clyde Macintosh, and Max Carl Otto, 213
Dr. Dewey Replies, 223
Social Stresses and Strains. Review of Recent Social Trends in the United States, 229
Review of Mr. Justice Brandeis, edited by Felix Frankfurter, 237
Santayana's Orthodoxy. Review of George Santayana's Some Turns of Thought in Modern Philosophy, 240
Acquiescence and Activity in Communism. Review of Theodore B. H. Brameld's A Philosophic Approach to Communism, 244



Unemployed and Underpaid Consumers Should Not Pay Billion
Dollar Subsidy to Speculators, 249
Relief Is Vital, 252
The Banking Crisis, 254
Congress Faces Its Test on Taxation, 256
The Real Test of the "New Deal," 259
Superficial Treatment Must Fail, 261
Inflationary Measures Injure the Masses, 265
Wild Inflation Would Paralyze Nation, 267
Lobby Asks Special Session on Debts, 269
Unemployment Committee Asks Adequate Relief, 271
Farm Processing and Other Consumption Taxes Must Be Repealed, 273
The Next Session and the People's Lobby, 275
President's Policies Help Property Owners Chiefly, 277
New Deal Program Must Be Appraised, 280
A Real Test of the Administration, 282
America's Public Ownership Program, 285
Facing the Era of Realities, 287
No Half-Way House for America, 289



Religions and the "Religious," 293
Reply to Edwin Ewart Aubrey and Henry Nelson Wieman in "Is John Dewey a Theist?" 294
Introduction to Challenge to the New Deal, edited by Alfred Mitchell Bingham and Selden Rodman, 296
Foreword to George Raymond Geiger's The Philosophy of Henry George, 299
Meaning, Assertion and Proposal, 303
To Save the Rand School, 305
The Drive against Hunger, 307
Radio's Influence on the Mind, 309
Preface to the English Edition of Terror in Cuba, 310
Statement on Technocracy, 312



On the Grievance Committee's Report, 315
The Report of the Special Grievance Committee of the Teachers Union, 320
New York and the Seabury Investigation, 346
Tomorrow May Be Too Late: Save the Schools Now, 386


Volume 10: 1934

Introduction by Abraham Kaplan, vii


Preface, 7
1. The Live Creature, 9
2. The Live Creature and "Ethereal Things," 26
3. Having an Experience, 42
4. The Act of Expression, 64
5. The Expressive Object, 88
6. Substance and Form, 111
7. The Natural History of Form, 139
8. The Organization of Energies, 167
9. The Common Substance of the Arts, 191
10.The Varied Substance of the Arts, 218
11.The Human Contribution, 250
12.The Challenge to Philosophy, 276
13.Criticism and Perception, 302
14.Art and Civilization, 329


Volume 11: 1935-1937

Introduction by John J. McDermott, xi


Liberalism and Social Action, 1
Preface, 3
1. The History of Liberalism, 5
2. The Crisis in Liberalism, 23
3. Renascent Liberalism, 41



An Empirical Survey of Empiricisms, 69
Mystical Naturalism and Religious Humanism, 84
Peirce's Theory of Quality, 86
Characteristics and Characters: Kinds and Classes, 95
What Are Universals? 105
One Current Religious Problem, 115
General Propositions, Kinds, and Classes, 118
World High Court for Knowledge? 127
Authority and Social Change, 130
Whitehead's Philosophy, 146
Tribute to F. C. S. Schiller, 155
The Teacher and the Public, 158
The Need for Orientation, 162
Education and New Social Ideals, 167
Anniversary Address, 171
The Challenge of Democracy to Education, 181
The Dewey School: Introduction, 191
The Dewey School: Statements, 193
The Dewey School: Appendix 2, The Theory of the Chicago Experiment, 202
Democracy and Educational Administration, 217
Education, the Foundation for Social Organization, 226
What Is Learning? 238
Growth in Activity, 243
Freedom, 247
Socialization of Ground Rent, 256
Future of Liberalism, 258
International Cooperation or International Chaos, 261
Taxation as a Step to Socialization, 265
Government and Children, 268
Our Un-Free Press, 269
Needed--A New Politics, 274
A Liberal Speaks Out for Liberalism, 282
The Future of Liberalism, 289
Democracy Is Radical, 296





Declaration of Purposes by the American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky, 303
Introductory Statement of the Commission of Inquiry, 306
"Truth Is on the March," 310
Summary of Findings, 321
The Moscow Trials, 326
Significance of the Trotsky Inquiry, 330



The Teacher and His World, 339
The Crucial Role of Intelligence, 342
Toward Administrative Statesmanship, 345
United, We Shall Stand, 348
Youth in a Confused World, 353
Toward a National System of Education, 356
Liberty and Social Control, 360
The Meaning of Liberalism, 364
Liberalism and Equality, 368
Liberalism and Civil Liberties, 372
The Social Significance of Academic Freedom, 376
Henry Linville Pension Fund, 380
Class Struggle and the Democratic Way, 382
Horace Mann Today, 387
Rationality in Education, 391
President Hutchins' Proposals to Remake Higher Education, 397
"The Higher Learning in America," 402
Education and Social Change, 408



The Founder of Pragmatism. Review of Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, edited by Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss, vol. 5, Pragmatism and Pragmaticism, 421
Intimations of Mortality. Review of Corliss Lamont's The Illusion of Immortality, 425
Bergson on Instinct. Review of Henri Bergson's The Two Sources of Morality and Religion, 428
Nature and Humanity. Review of Oliver L. Reiser's Philosophy and the Concepts of Modern Science, 432
Review of Alfred M. Bingham's Insurgent America, 438
The Jameses. Review of Ralph Barton Perry's The Thought and Character of William James, 441
Santayana's Novel. Review of George Santayana's The Last Puritan, 446
The Work of George Mead. Review of George H. Mead's Mind, Self and Society and Movements of Thought in the Nineteenth Century, 450
Religion, Science, and Philosophy. Review of Bertrand Russell's Religion and Science, 454
The Philosophy of William James. Review of Ralph Barton Perry's The Thought and Character of William James, 464
Charles Sanders Peirce. Review of Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, edited by Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss, vols. 1-6, 479
"Either--Or." Review of Zalmen Slesinger's Education and the Class Struggle, 485
Subject-Matter in Art. Review of Walter Abell's Representation and Form, 487
Liberalism in a Vacuum. Review of Walter Lippmann's An Inquiry into the Principles of the Good Society, 489
Review of Stephen Spender's Forward from Liberalism, 496



Foreword to Albert Coombs Barnes's and Violette de Mazia's The Art of Renoir, 501
Foreword to Carl Christian Jensen's Seventy Times Seven, 506
Foreword to Education in the Soviet Union, edited by William Allan Neilson, 509
Introduction to Myrtle Byram McGraw's Growth: A Study of Johnny and Jimmy, 510
Foreword to Angelo M. Pellegrini's and Brents Stirling's Argumentation and Public Discussion, 515
Introduction to Richard Ward Greene Welling's Self Government and Politics in School, 516
Introduction to Harry W. Laidler's Looking Forward, 1937, 517
Introduction to Harry W. Laidler's Looking Forward, 1938, 519
The Educational Function of a Museum of Decorative Arts, 520
How They Are Voting: 2, 526
Aid for the Spanish Government, 527
Younger Men Are Key, 529
Righting an Academic Wrong, 530
The Future of Democracy, 532
Acceptance Speech, 533
The Forward View: A Free Teacher in a Free Society, by John Dewey and Goodwin Watson, 535
An Active, Flexible Personality, by John Dewey, Boyd H. Bode, and William Heard Kilpatrick, 548



Comment on Horace Meyer Kallen's "What Pragmatism Means for the Social Sciences," 563
Panel Discussion: Education Today, 567


Volume 12: 1938

Introduction by Ernest Nagel, ix


Preface, 3


Part One: Introduction: The Matrix of Inquiry, 7
1. The Problem of Logical Subject-Matter, 9
2. The Existential Matrix of Inquiry: Biological, 30
3. The Existential Matrix of Inquiry: Cultural, 48
4. Common Sense and Scientific Inquiry, 66
5. The Needed Reform of Logic, 86


Part Two: The Structure of Inquiry and the
Construction of Judgments, 103
6. The Pattern of Inquiry, 105
7. The Construction of Judgment, 123
8. Immediate Knowledge: Understanding and Inference, 142
9. Judgments of Practice: Evaluation, 161
10.Affirmation and Negation: Judgment as Requalification, 182
11.The Function of Propositions of Quantity in Judgment, 200
12.Judgment as Spatial-Temporal Determination: Narration-Description, 220
13.The Continuum of Judgment: General Propositions, 244
14.Generic and Universal Propositions, 263


Part Three: Propositions and Terms, 281
15. General Theory of Propositions, 283
16.Propositions Ordered in Sets and Series, 310
17.Formal Functions and Canons, 327
18.Terms or Meanings, 347


Part Four: The Logic of Scientific Method, 367
19. Logic and Natural Science: Form and Matter, 369
20.Mathematical Discourse, 391
21.Scientific Method: Induction and Deduction, 415
22.Scientific Laws--Causation and Sequences, 437
23.Scientific Method and Scientific Subject-Matter, 458
24.Social Inquiry, 481
25.The Logic of Inquiry and Philosophies of Knowledge, 506


Volume 13: 1938-1939

Introduction by Steven M. Cahn, ix


Experience and Education, 1
Preface, 3
1. Traditional vs. Progressive Education, 5
2. The Need of a Theory of Experience, 11
3. Criteria of Experience, 17
4. Social Control, 31
5. The Nature of Freedom, 39
6. The Meaning of Purpose, 43
7. Progressive Organization of Subject-Matter, 48
8. Experience--The Means and Goal of Education, 61


Freedom and Culture, 63
1. The Problem of Freedom, 65
2. Culture and Human Nature, 80
3. The American Background, 99
4. Totalitarian Economics and Democracy, 116
5. Democracy and Human Nature, 136
6. Science and Free Culture, 156
7. Democracy and America, 173

Theory of Valuation, 189



The Determination of Ultimate Values or Aims through Antecedent or A Priori Speculation or through Pragmatic or Empirical Inquiry, 255
Unity of Science as a Social Problem, 271
The Relation of Science and Philosophy as the Basis of Education, 281
Does Human Nature Change? 286
Democracy and Education in the World of Today, 294
Education, Democracy, and Socialized Economy, 304
The Economic Basis of the New Society, 309
The Unity of the Human Being, 323
What Is Social Study? 338
To Those Who Aspire to the Profession of Teaching, 342
In Defense of the Mexican Hearings, 347
Means and Ends, 349



The Philosophy of the Arts, 357
Foreword to David Lindsay Watson's Scientists Are Human, 369


Volume 14: 1939-1941

Introduction by R. W. Sleeper, ix



Experience, Knowledge and Value: A Rejoinder, 3
I Believe, 91
Time and Individuality, 98
My Philosophy of Law, 115
The Philosophy of Whitehead, 123
Nature in Experience, 141
The Vanishing Subject in the Psychology of James, 155
Propositions, Warranted Assertibility, and Truth, 168
The Objectivism-Subjectivism of Modern Philosophy, 189
Presenting Thomas Jefferson, 201
Creative Democracy--The Task Before Us, 224
The Case for Bertrand Russell, 231
Social Realities versus Police Court Fictions, 235
The Basis for Hope, 249
The Meaning of the Term: Liberalism, 252
Art as Our Heritage, 255
"Contrary to Human Nature," 258
Address of Welcome to the League for Industrial Democracy, 262
Education: 1800-1939, 266
Higher Learning and War, 273
The Basic Values and Loyalties of Democracy, 275
For a New Education, 278



Review of Charles A. Beard's and Mary R. Beard's America in Midpassage, 283
Review of Douglas Clyde Macintosh's Social Religion, 286
Review of Max C. Otto's The Human Enterprise: An Attempt to Relate Philosophy to Daily Life, 289
The Techniques of Reconstruction. Review of Karl Mannheim's Man and Society in an Age of Reconstruction, 293
Review of The Philosophy of George Santayana, edited by Paul Arthur Schilpp, 295



Message to Friends of the John Dewey Labor Research Fund, 311
Lessons from the War--in Philosophy, 312



Introduction to William James's Talks to Teachers on Psychology, 337
Introduction to Problems of Ageing, 341
Foreword to Elsie Ripley Clapp's Community Schools in Action, 351
Foreword to Edwin C. Johnson's Mars in Civilian Disguise! 355
Introduction to The Bertrand Russell Case, 357
Foreword to Educational Trends, 360
Introduction to American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 362
"No Matter What Happens--Stay Out," 364
The Committee for Cultural Freedom, 365
"Democratic Ends Need Democratic Methods for Their Realization," 367
Russell as a Moral Issue, 369
Investigating Education, 370
Censorship Not Wanted, 373
Statement on Academic Freedom, 374
Dewey Greets Teachers Union, 375


Volume 15: 1942-1948

Introduction by Lewis S. Feuer, xi



William James and the World Today, 3
William James as Empiricist, 9
The Principles, 18
Williams James' Morals and Julien Benda's, 19
How Is Mind to Be Known? 27
Inquiry and Indeterminateness of Situations, 34
The Ambiguity of "Intrinsic Good," 42
Anti-Naturalism in Extremis, 46
Valuation Judgments and Immediate Quality, 63
Further as to Valuation as Judgment, 73
By Nature and by Art, 84
A Comment on the Foregoing Criticisms, 97
Some Questions about Value, 101
Are Naturalists Materialists? 109
Ethical Subject-Matter and Language, 127
Peirce's Theory of Linguistic Signs, Thought, and Meaning, 141
Prefatory Note to Problems of Men, 153
Introduction to Problems of Men: The Problems of Men and the Present State of Philosophy, 154
Religion and Morality in a Free Society, 170
The Penning-in of Natural Science, 184
The Revolt against Science, 188
Democratic versus Coercive International Organization: The Realism of Jane Addams, 192
Dualism and the Split Atom, 199
World Anarchy or World Order? 204
The Crisis in Human History, 210
Liberating the Social Scientist, 224
Henry Wallace and the 1948 Elections, 239
American Youth, Beware of Wallace Bearing Gifts, 242
How to Anchor Liberalism, 248
The Democratic Faith and Education, 251
Challenge to Liberal Thought, 261
The Problem of the Liberal Arts College, 276
Implications of S. 2499, 281



Mission to Moscow Reveals No New Evidence on Soviet Trials. Review of Joseph E. Davies's Mission to Moscow, 289
Behind the Iron Bars. Review of David J. Dallin's and Boris I. Nicolaevskyo's Forced Labor in Soviet Russia, 295



Foreword to John E. Stoner's S. O. Levinson and the Pact of Paris, 301
Introduction to The Little Red School House, by Agnes de Lima et al., 303
Foreword to H. Heath Bawden's "Method," 305
Foreword to Eric Williams's Education in the British West Indies, 308
Foreword to Earl C. Kelley's Education for What Is Real, 310
Introduction to Alexander Dorner's The Way beyond "Art"--The Work of Herbert Bayer, 312
Foreword to Henry Schaefer-Simmern's The Unfolding of Artistic Activity, 315



Tribute to James Hayden Tufts, 321
James Hayden Tufts, 324
Boyd H. Bode: An Appreciation, 326



Rejoinder to Charles W. Morris, 331
Dewey vs. Meiklejohn, 333
Rejoinder to Meiklejohn, 337
Russia's Position, 338
Dr. Dewey on Our Relations with Russia, 342
Several Faults Are Found in Mission to Moscow Film, 345
Moscow Film Again Attacked, 351
More on Mission to Moscow, 354
The Case of Odell Waller, 356
John Dewey on The Theory of Economic Progress, 359
Comment on Bell and Polanyi, 361
Commentary and Liberalism, 362



Letter in Introduction to Don't Be Afraid! 365
Statement on Jefferson, 366
Why I Selected "Democracy and America," 367
Message to the Chinese People, 369
Message to the Teachers of Perú, 371
Comment on Sidney Hook's Education for Modern Man, 372
Comment on I Want to Be Like Stalin, 373
George Seldes and "Fact," 375
Man and Mathematics, 376
Appreciation of the Rand School, 378


Volume 16: 1949-1952

Introduction by T. Z. Lavine, ix


Knowing and the Known, with Arthur F. Bentley, 1
Preface, 3
Introduction: A Search for Firm Names, 6
1. Vagueness in Logic, 8
2. The Terminological Problem, 46
3. Postulations, 74
4. Interaction and Transaction, 96
5. Transactions as Known and Named, 110
6. Specification, 131
7. The Case of Definition, 154
8. Logic in an Age of Science, 184
9. A Confused "Semiotic," 210
10. Common Sense and Science, 242
11. A Trial Group of Names, 257
12. Summary of Progress Made, 275
Appendix: Dewey's Reply to Albert G. A. Balz, 280



What Is It to Be a Linguistic Sign or Name? 297
Values, Valuations, and Social Facts, 310
Importance, Significance, and Meaning, 318
How, What, and What For in Social Inquiry, 333



The Field of "Value," 343
Has Philosophy a Future? 358
Philosophy's Future in Our Scientific Age, 369
Experience and Existence: A Comment, 383
Contribution to "Religion and the Intellectuals," 390
Aesthetic Experience as a Primary Phase and as an Artistic Development, 395
Contributions to Democracy in a World of Tensions, 399
Modern Philosophy, 407


Volume 17: 1885-1953

Foreword by Jo Ann Boydston, xi
Introduction by Sidney Hook, xvii



Doctor Martineau's Theory of Morals, 3
The Health of Women and Higher Education, 7
The Revival of the Soul, 10
What Is the Demonstration of Man's Spiritual Nature? 15
The Church and Society, 19
War's Social Results, 21
The Problem of Secondary Education after the War, 26
Impressions from Canton, 29
On Philosophical Synthesis, 35



Preface to The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy, 39
Introduction to Percy Hughes's The Center, Function and Structure of Psychology, 42
Introduction to Looking Forward: Discussion Outlines, 44
Introduction to Looking Forward, 1933, 45
Introduction to Looking Forward, 1934, 46
Introduction to Looking Forward, 1935, 47
Introduction to Looking Forward, 1936, 48
Foreword to Philip P. Wiener's Evolution and the Founders of Pragmatism, 50
Introduction to Samuel Tenenbaum's William Heard Kilpatrick, 52
Preface to Japanese Translation of Democracy and Education, 57
Introduction to Selected Poems of Claude McKay, 58



Commencement Address: San Jose State Normal School, 63
The Educational Principles Involved, 67
Socializing the Schools, 72
The Educational Balance, Efficiency and Thinking, 77
Message to the American Federation of Teachers, 83
John Dewey Responds, 84
Greetings to the Urbana Conference, 88



Science and the Idea of God. Review of John Fiske's The Idea of God as Affected by Modern Knowledge, 93
Review of Sir Frederick Pollock's Essays in the Law, 98
Review of Hugo Krabbe's The Modern Idea of the State, 101
Review of Roscoe Pound's Law and Morals: The McNair Lectures, 105
Review of Mary C. Love's Human Conduct and the Law, 108
Review of Abraham Flexner's Universities: American, English, German, 110
Review of Charles Edward Merriam's The Making of Citizens, 112
Review of T. V. Smith's The Promise of American Politics, 115



Answer to "Do We Want Rifle Practice in the Public Schools?" 121
Opinion on "Military Training for American School Boys," 122
View on "What the War Means to America," 123
On Military Training in Schools, 124
Letter on Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences, 125
On Immortality, 126
In Defense of Mary Ware Dennett's The Sex Side of Life, 127
Report on "Forms of Art Exhibition" at the Pennsylvania Museum of Art, 128
Dewey Hails Editorial on United Command, 130
What Kind of a World Are We Fighting to Create? 131
Endorsement of Dean Alfange, 133
John Dewey Hails the Liberal Party, 134
Comment on "Religion at Harvard," 135
Communists as Teachers, 136
A Statement to the Society, 138
Mr. Acheson's Critics, 140



Clarence J. Selby, 145
Clifford Beers, 146
Alvin Johnson, 147
Emily Greene Balch, 149



Introduction to Philosophy, 153
History of Education, 161
Psychology for Teachers, 187



1. How the Mind Learns, 213
2. Social Aspects of Education, 226
3. Imagination, 242
4. Periods of Growth, 255
5. Attention, 269
6. Period of Technic, 284
7. Habit, 298
8. Social Value of Courses, 310
9. Memory and Judgment, 323
10. Some Elements of Character, 336



The Historical Method in Ethics, 351
Knowledge and Existence, 361
Some Thoughts concerning Religion, 374
Tolstoi's Art, 381
The Meaning and Progress of Morality, 393
Some Connexions of Science and Philosophy, 402
Brief Studies in Realism III, 415
A Working Method in Social Psychology, 422
Problems of Contemporary Philosophy: The Problem of Experience, 429
Methods in Philosophy and the Sciences, 442
Between Two Worlds, 451
The Future of Philosophy, 466
What Is Democracy? 471
Education for a New and Better World, 475
Comment on Recent Criticisms of Some Points in Moral and Logical Theory, 480
Pedagogy:--Memorandum, 485
The Russian School System, 487
Child Health and Protection, 511
American Federation of Teachers Statement, 520
John H. Randall's Our Changing Civilization, 522
Remarks on Richard Welling's As the Twig Is Bent, 523
Memorandum for Mr. Pringle, 524
Tribute to S. J. Woolf, 526
Statement on Retirement of Frank Becker, 527

ADDENDUM: The Value of Historical Christianity, 529

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